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Pinus SyvestrisScots Pine

By Leanne Downs13 May 2019

Scots Pine or Pinus Syvestris, is one of the UK’s three native pine species and was once widespread in the Caledonian Forest of Scotland, of which only small areas exist today

Where to find Scots Pine

Scots Pine can be found all over Northern Europe and the United Kingdom.

How to identify Scots Pine Trees

Scots Pine is an evergreen conifer, meaning that it keeps its leaves, known as needles, all year round. It produces seed cones which begin small and reddish green to grow upto 7.5cm in size and become brown-yellow when mature.

The bark of Scots Pine is scaly and cracked, starting grey-brown towards the base and turning red-brown higher up. It’s needles are blueish-green but darken to a yellow-green in winter. They grow in pairs and are usually 7cm long. It can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from other pine trees that are grown in the UK.

It grows well in acidic and sandy soils as well as rocky outcrops.

Scots Pine can be easily distinguished from the very visually similar Corsican Pine by its reddish bark

Uses for Scots Pine Trees

Scots Pine is popular in forestry for its production of timber for use in building and woodcraft, as well as pulp for paper-making. It was traditionally used to make masts for shipbuilding. It has also been used to make turpentine, resin, tar and charcoal.

It is also a good choice of pine to make pine needle tea or putting into a hot bath for its aromatic smell and medicinal benefits.

Scots Pine needles grow in pairs and can be used for making pine needle tea

Leanne Downs

About Leanne Downs

Leanne Downs is the content editor for Thryve and works as an outdoor writer, blogger and photographer. She loves hiking, hillwalking and wild camping.

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